Globalization is commonly used to refer to the commercially-motivated assimilation of people from all over the world into a single society. As a result of globalization, people from vastly diverse cultural backgrounds can interact and do business with one another, despite linguistic and cultural hurdles. Hence, it paves the way for international commerce motivated by profit.
The Effects of Globalization
Increased transport costs
The increased availability of resources like raw materials, labor, and finished commodities for businesses is one of globalization's initial benefits. These two facts suggest that the final product could travel farther than ever, maybe even halfway across the world. Products were created, bought, and consumed at significantly higher rates in the past. Increased commodity transport can harm the environment by:
Greenhouse gas emissions rise because transporting commodities for longer distances requires more energy and produces more pollutants. Carbon emissions have far-reaching effects on biodiversity and contribute to pollution, climate change, and ocean acidification on a global scale.
Loss of forest cover: roads, bridges, and other forms of land-based transportation infrastructure are essential to the ease and convenience of human mobility. Two potential problems could arise from such infrastructure construction: contamination and habitat loss.
Invasive species: any moving vehicle or cargo container could harbor a new species. An animal, plant, or fungus could become invasive if it can hitch a ride to a new location, where it can grow without the natural controls in its native ecology.
Globalization allows countries and regions to concentrate on what they do best economically while relying on trade relationships to supply them. Expertise in economics can help increase manufacturing efficiency. However, it could cause severe environmental problems such as habitat destruction, resource exploitation, and deforestation.
Due to the growth of cattle ranching in the country, which necessitates enormous swaths of land for grazing, overfishing has significantly contributed to marine pollution and declining fish populations in regions like Southeast Asia's coastlines.
Destruction of natural areas has been facilitated by the demand for cash crops like sugarcane, cocoa, vegetable crops, and fruit, particularly in tropical regions.
It's worth noting that globalization has allowed some countries to prioritize the quality of energy resources like gas, oil, and lumber. Greenhouse gas emissions, the most obvious byproduct of these energy sources, have a major impact on the rate of
Greenhouse gases, the primary byproduct of these energy sources, significantly impact global warming and climate change.
Loss of plant and animal life is exacerbated by human activities, including burning fossil fuels, dumping waste into oceans, and cutting down forests for agriculture. As a result, both rapidly developing regions formerly essential to world trade, Latin America and Africa, have lost a disproportionate amount of biodiversity, especially among ecologically delicate reptiles, fish and amphibians.
Even though globalization has always had certain unfavorable effects on the environment, its expansion has led to a greater awareness of the need to protect our planet. Due to increased connectedness and worldwide tourism, people may more easily see the effects of habitat loss, environmental degradation, and natural disasters on the ecosystem. In addition, implementing new guidelines and regulations has helped forestall any unfavorable results.