Who is a refugee and what is a refugee crisis?



Refugees are people who have fled their country because of persecution or harm. Refugees feel they have no choice but to leave because their government cannot or will not protect them. Refugees have the right to seek asylum (habeas corpus), receive medical care, receive education and work. 


An asylum seeker is a person who has been displaced but has not been legally recognized as a refugee. Asylum seekers are those who have fled persecution in their home country and are waiting for a formal decision on their asylum application in the country of their choice. Anyone can seek asylum in a country.


Immigration has no legal definition. However, the term is often used to describe a person who is neither a refugee nor an asylum seeker but has a legitimate reason to leave the country. These could include major injuries, political instability and climate issues not yet seen as crises. In addition, discrimination or threats of violence based on gender, colour or sexual orientation may be the reason migrants flee their home countries. Immigrants are entitled to the protection of their human rights.

What is the definition of a refugee crisis?

A refugee crisis occurs when large numbers of people are forced to move from one country to another. The term “refugee crisis” can refer to both displacement in countries of origin and destination, as well as the problems and dangers refugees face on the streets. Crises may be related to the refugee's perspective, the country to which they are fleeing, or in many cases both.

Many refugees leave the country with nothing; they have neither food nor clean water, only the clothes on their backs. A person can become a refugee in seconds.

Violence against Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar, civil war in Syria and conflict in South Sudan have all contributed to some of the worst refugee crises in the world. Around the world, more conflicts are causing displacement and refugees than ever before, and World Vision has increased its work in affected countries by 18% over the past five years.

What is the cause of the refugee crisis?

The following are the main reasons for the refugee crisis:

• War and conflict

• Poverty and hunger

• Persecution and violence

• climate change

War and conflict are the most typical causes of widespread migration of people as refugees. When violence erupts in a country due to war or political unrest, individuals can become refugees almost immediately.

Many were forced to leave their homes due to various reasons such as war and war. People leave their countries for a variety of reasons, including poverty, hunger and persecution based on sexual orientation or gender.

In recent years, climate change has been recognized as playing a key role in the global refugee crisis. The United Nations claims that more than 16 million people have been forced to flee their homes due to climate-related difficulties. The number of migrants fleeing natural disasters such as tsunamis, droughts and wildfires is expected to rise as the global climate crisis worsens.